Jehovah, the lord
of HOSTS or the lord of GHOSTS?
Based on tradition
that goes back thousands of years, in the Christian world it is understood
that Jehovah and God the Father are the same, but by close observation we
can see that their characters are extremely different:
. Jehovah killed in the heat of anger (Exodus
32:10), whereas God the Father is always kind and generous, bestowing life
through his Son (2 Corinthians 5:18-19).
. Jehovah frequently uttered curses (Deuteronomy 28:15 to 68), whereas the Father redeems us from the
curses through His Son who suffered for us (Galatians
Jehovah blinded the spiritual eyes of the people (Isaiah
7:9-10), whereas the Father opened them through the
teachings of the Son (Matthew 13:16).
. Jehovah punished disobedience with oppression of bondage (Jeremiah
21:4-7; 28:14...), whereas the
Father releases people from spiritual oppression through freedom in Jesus
Christ (John 8:32).
. Jehovah sought vengeance by sending plagues and pestilence (2 Samuel
24:15; 1 Chronicles 21:14-15),
whereas the Son revealed all the love of the Father by taking our weaknesses
on himself (Matthew 8:16-17).
. Jehovah killed a man named Uzzah simply for his good intention on
trying to avoid the untouchable ark's drop, because the oxen stumbled (2
Samuel 6:6 to 8), whereas a woman who had been subject to bleeding for
twelve years, had been healed simply because she touched the edge of Jesus'
Michal, daughter of Saul,
was watching from a window when she saw her husband David leaping and
dancing for ark’s back to Israel (2 Samuel 6:16). She despised David in her
heart and because of that criticizing feeling, she was punished by Jehovah
with sterility forever (2 Samuel 6:23).
A ghostly scenery...
"You have not come to a mountain
which may be touched, and is burning with fire, and to a black cloud, and a
dark smoke, and a violent wind, and to the sound of a horn, and the voice of
words, the hearers of which made request that not a word more might be said
to them, for the order which said, if the mountain is touched even by a
beast, the beast is to be stoned, seemed hard to them.
And the vision was so
overpowering that even Moses said, I am shaking and full of fear" (Hebrew
12:18 to 21).
Considering the above fearful and
terrifying description, should Jehovah, who had given the Law to Moses
Mount Sinai, to be called THE LORD OF HOSTS
would be better
LORD OF GHOSTS?
In Deuteronomy 5:22 to 24 we read that
there was a deep darkness and the voice that gave the commandments came from
the darkness. Considering that 1 John 1:5 says "God is light and in him there is no darkness at
all", we make a question: How could a God that is light and gives
spiritual light to the men (John 3:19) to be in darkness?
If the Father were the
same as Jehovah, He would not give his commandments in a scenario of
darkness and fright like Jehovah did at Mount Sinai, because God is light
and in him there is no darkness at all (1 John 1:5).
Jesus is the true light of men and the light shines in the darkness (John
1:4 to 9).
worst "darkness" is the spiritual one. It is the plague that dulls the mind
to the understanding of God. But this is what Jehovah provided according to
Isaiah 53:1 by blinding people’s eyes.
However, Jesus came to heal these “blind” and to show them the way to
salvation from the Father, as He said in John 9:39... “I have come into this
world, so that the blind (spiritually) will see and those who see
(physically) will become blind (spiritually).
A kingdom of terror and darkness
If someone not knowing the general context of the Bible were to read only
the Old Testament, he would be
and confused with the behavior of the character presented as God in many
Below is a list of some of the many behavioral
inconsistencies that disappoint anyone who concentrates their reading on the
first 39 books of the Bible:
Jehovah repents of his actions (Genesis
6:6-7; 1 Samuel
whereas in James 1:17 it is written that the true God does not change like
. Jehovah change his attitude after discussions with men (Deuteronomy
whereas contradicts himself by saying that he is not a man, that should
change his mind (1 Samuel 15:29) ;
. Jehovah destroys innocent children because of the sins of their fathers or
20:5; 34:7; Numbers
3:6-7; 1 Samuel
even his friend's son had been killed because of David's adultery (2
Jehovah sends evil spirits, like the one that disturbed Saul
(1 Samuel 19:9-10) or the lying
spirit that led to the death of king Ahab (Judges
9:23; 1 Samuel
1 Kings 22:19-23; 2 Chronicles
. Jehovah allowed retaliation based on “an eye for an eye and a tooth for a
tooth”, granted victory in bloody battles against enemies and incited
peoples against Israel when its leaders prevaricated or needed correction
Judges 2:14; 3:1; Psalm
7:11-13; Jeremiah 46:10-11;
Jehovah sends plagues and issues curses much more frequently than blessings
3:16-19; 4:11-15; 5:29; Numbers
28:15-68; 2 Samuel
. Jehovah advocates the punishment of the disobedient and sinners by stoning
or burning to death for banal offences such as working on the Sabbath (Exodus
15:32-36; 13:9-16; 17:5-7; Deuteronomy
. Jehovah didn't cut out a lady's
sacrifice by her own father (Judges 11:30 to 38), because he had vowed to
sacrifice whatever comes out of the door of his house to meet him in the
event of a triumph against the Ammonites;
Jehovah authorized the plundering of the Egyptians by the Jews (Exodus
3:22), setting a negative example to all that proceed this way;
. Jehovah discriminates people on the basis of sex, race and even birth
. Jehovah recruited unscrupulous and fanatic disciples such as the Pharisees
and his priests
Jehovah issues his laws and commandments in a
scenery of darkness, thunder
and shadows, so that even animals were afraid to come near (Exodus
19:16-21; 20:21; Deuteronomy
A constant spectation of punishments and
established a kingdom of terror in which there was a constant expectation
for punishments and chastisements because of the sins.
Jehovah was invariably implacable and his mercy was only after a plea from
someone familiar, like Abraham or Moses (Genesis 18:16 to 33; Numbers 16:44
and 45). In Deuteronomy 9:14, Jehovah said to Moses: “Let me alone, so that
I may destroy them and blot out their name from under heaven. And I will
make you into a nation stronger and more numerous than they”.
According to a Jewish tradition, the high priests from OT entered in the
“most high place” with a rope tied on his ankle in order to be towed from
outside, if he would put into death by Jehovah in the inner room.
The reason for the rope is because it was forbidden to everyone to enter in
the “most high place”, except for the high priest, once a year, and never
without blood to be offered for himself and for the sins of the people
(Hebrews 9:6 and 7).
This fact could explain the reason to the high priest for using the “gold
bells” around the hem of his robe. In Exodus 28:34 and 35 we read about the
sound of these bells that indicated while the high priest was still alive.
When the sound was finished, that was a sign to tow the high priest by the
rope from outside.
The killing of Onan
In Genesis 38:8 to 10 Judah said to Onan:
“Lie with your brother’s wife and fulfill your duty to her as a
brother-in-law to produce offspring for your brother”. But Onan knew that
the offspring would not be his, so whenever he lay with his brother’s wife,
he spilled his semen on the ground to keep from producing offspring for his
brother. What he did was wicked in Jehovah’s sight; so he put him to death
as well as his brother Er.
This text says that Jehovah
punished Onan, killing him because of his “wicked” contraceptive method.
Now the question is: What think Jehovah about
intentional prevention of pregnancy?
Which would be the fate of those who use
nowadays contraceptive devices or drugs, if Jehovah kept on punishing people
who avert children with the same chastisement of Onan?
Another question is:
Why did Jehovah close such time the womb of Hanna, wife of Elkanah (1 Samuel
1:5 and 6) and other women in the OT, if he so appreciates the offspring?
The Son of true God came not to condemn the
world but to save whoever believes in him and to give them eternal life
(John 3:16 to 18).
A spirit of violence
Over and above all this, Jehovah's
spirit overpowers people through aggression and violence, as it does with
Saul and Samson who, after some of these “incorporations”, first kill a lion
and then an army of 1000 Philistines with the simple bone of an ass (Judges 14:6-20); 15:14-15; 1
What kind of spirit is that who operated in the Old Testament?
Who is the real God?
Jehovah is presumptuously called "the
almighty" (Jeremiah 31:35) whereas the Father is simply called "love" (1
In the face of so many inconsistencies, we are led to ask whether the God of
the Old Testament and the God revealed in the New Testament are the same.
We cannot conceive of a God with two sides
in his personality, manifested so differently in two
consecutive periods in the course of history.
In the Old Covenant we see terror and cruelty whereas
in the New Testament we see love and mercy, as we read in James 1:16: "Every
good and perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of the
heavenly lights, who does not change like shifting shadows".
Jehovah is a "tribal god" of the earthly Israel whereas the Father is the
absolute and universal God, whose Son is Jesus Christ.
Definitely Jehovah and the true God the Father are not the same. Jehovah is an
angel whose name is Melchizedek.
In spite of being an angel, Jehovah stands qualified as an
archangel with ascendancy over the other angels, including Satan (Lucifer), who takes
part of occasional meetings to decide together the destiny of the man or to
execute Jehovah's punishments (Job 1:6 to 12; 1 Chronicles 21:1 to 15).